In the northeastern state of Assam, agriculture is the prime sector in its economy which
provides employment to 69 per cent of its total work force. However, the Planning Commission observes that poverty in Assam is predominantly a rural phenomenon, stemming principally from underperformance of the agriculture sector and lack of alternative employment avenues mainly in the rural areas. The government has been implementing various policies and schemes for improving livelihood and employment scenario in the region. The Planning Commission in the Eleven Five Year Plan suggested a long term planning for all round infrastructure development and enhancement of productivity and scope of employment in primary sector including agro based industry sector. The government implementing various schemes such as Kalpataru scheme, assam bikas Yojana,Mukhya Mantris Karmajyoti Scheme, and Policy of Joint Forest Mangement and others for accelerating self employment options in the state.