RASTRIYA GOKUL MISSION
Cattle rearing has been a traditional livelihood in India and is closely linked to agricultural economy. India with about 199 million cattle (as per 18th Livestock Census 2007) has 14.5% of the world cattle population. Of this, 83% i.e. 166 million are indigenous. Most of the indigenous cattle (about 80%) are nondescript and only 20% belong to Indigenous Breeds recognized by National Bureau of Genetic Resources.<p>
The cattle genetic resource of India isrepresented by 37 well recognized Indigenous Breeds. Indigenous cattle, in India, are robust and resilient and are particularly suited to the climate and environment of their respective breeding tracts.
They are endowed with qualities of heat tolerance, resistance to diseases and the ability to thrive under extreme climatic stress and less than optimal nutrition.
Source : 1 RASHTRIYA GOKUL MISSION Government of India Ministry of Agriculture Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries