According to official statistics 141,526 persons were killed and 477,731 injured in road traffic crashes in India in 2014(NCRB, 2015). However, this is probably an underestimate, as not all injuries are reported to the police (Gururaj, G., 2006, Mohan, D. et al., 2009). The actual numbers of injuries requiring hospital visits may be 2,000,000-3,000,000 persons. The basis for these estimates is given in later section. The situation in India is worsening and road traffic injuries (RTI) have been increasing over the past twenty years (Figure 1). This may be partly due to the increase in number of vehicles on the road but mainly due to the absence of coordinated evidence -based policy to control the problem. These data show that the number of fatalities has continued to increase at about seven percent a year over the past decade except over the last couple of years.