Climate change is a global phenomenon and the efforts in containing it by containing anthropogenic Green House Gas (GHG) emissions cannot be different for different states. The National Action Plan for Climate Change provides the basic approach for dealing with the issue of climate change. Government of India was expected to formulate national programmes and modalities for the implementation of the eight specific National Missions suggested in the National Action Plan by December 2008. These are in various stages of formulation.
Government of Kerala has been working on a strategy for action in the state in response to Climate Change. It is proposed to identify specific vulnerabilities and plan appropriate responses keeping those in focus. As the foremost impact of the changing climatic pattern relates to the land and water resources, a system for monitoring it will be the first imperative. Further, the information at global as well as local level would be needed to be analysed for any strategy. This will essentially include assessment of efficacy of the present development strategies in this context and probable mid course corrections wherever found necessary.
The principles adopted for the National Action Plan for Climate Change include achieving sustainable development path while advancing economic and environmental objectives. The following points form the basis of the national strategy.
1. Protecting the poor and vulnerable sections of society through an inclusive and sustainable development strategy, sensitive to climate change.
2. Achieving national growth objectives through a qualitative change in direction that enhances ecological sustainability, leading to further mitigation of GHG emissions.
3. Devising efficient and cost effective strategies for end use Demand Side Management.
4. Deploying appropriate technologies both for adaptation and mitigation of GHG emissions extensively as well as at an accelerated pace.
5. Engineering new and innovative market, regulatory and voluntary mechanisms to promote sustainable development.